- Abhyanga or snehana- It is a herbal oil massage designed to deeply penetrate the skin, relax the mind-body, remove toxins, and stimulate both arterial and lymphatic circulation. The massage makes the superficial and deep tissues soft and supple while removing stress and nourishing the nervous system. Snehana is given for 3-7 days, as required.
- Swedana is an herbalized steam bath, which is given to an individual after the snehana. With swedana, the deeply lodged toxins in the tissues are liquefied, which facilitates their movement to the gastro-intestinal tract.
2. Virechana (Purgation)
3. Nasya (Nose Cleaning)
- Pradhamana (virechan) form uses dry powders that are blown into the nose with a tube. It is mainly used for diseases of the Kapha dosha like headaches, colds, nasal congestion, sticky eyes, hoarseness of voice, sinusitis, cervical lymphadenitis, tumours, worms, skin diseases, epilepsy, drowsiness, Parkinson's, inflammation of the nasal mucosa, attachment, greed and lust. Traditionally, powders of herbs like Brahmi and calamus are used.
- Bruhana Nasya (nutrition nasya) uses ghee, oils, salt, Shatavari ghee, ashwagandha ghee and medicated milk. It is used for treating conditions due to Vata imbalances like headaches, migraines, dryness of voice, dry nose, nervousness, anxiety, fear, dizziness, emptiness, negativity, the heaviness of eyelids, bursitis, stiffness in the neck, dry sinuses and loss of sense of smell.
- Shaman Nasya (sedative nasya) is used according to which dosha is aggravated but mainly for Pitta-type disorders such as thinning of hair, conjunctivitis and ringing in the ears. Generally, certain herbal decoctions, teas and medicated oils are used.
- Navana Nasya (decoction nasya) is used in Vata-Pitta or Kapha-Pitta disorders and is made from decoctions and oils together.
- Marshya Nasya (ghee or oil nasya): Ghee is inserted in the nose using the little finger and massaged along the internal nasal canal. It opens the tissues and relieves stress.
4. Basti (Enema or Colonic Irrigation)
- Anuvasana (oil enema) is used in pure Vata disorders and when a person is having excess hunger or dryness related to Vata imbalances.
- Niruha-Asthapana (decoction enema) is used for balancing Vata, nervous diseases, gastro-intestinal Vata conditions, gout, certain fever conditions, unconsciousness, certain urinary conditions, appetite, pain, hyperacidity and heart diseases.
- Uttara Basti (through the urethra in men or vagina in women) is used for selected semen and ovulation disorders and for some painful urination or bladder infections. This is not to be used for someone with diabetes.
- Matra Basti (daily oil enema) is used in patients who carry out heavy exercises, heavy lifting, walk long distances, show a high sexual activity or have a chronic Vata disorder. It gives strength, promotes weight and helps elimination of waste products.
- Bruhana Basti (nutritional enema) is used for providing deep nutrition in select conditions with the help of nutritive substances such as warm milk, meat broth, bone marrow soup and herbs like Shatavari or ashwagandha.
5. Raktamokshana (Blood Letting)